Many people think about hair transplant surgery . Some of them lost them as a result of excessive hair loss, which in turn led to baldness, while others – due to illnesses or accidents. As it turns out, hair transplantation is not only about restoring a thick head. It is also a help in regaining self-confidence and getting rid of complexes. However, before we decide to use this type of facility, we should obtain all the necessary information about the procedure and the responsibility that we have when we start it.
What are the causes of hair loss?
When talking about hair loss, also known as alopecia, it can happen in several ways. The first is temporary disorders that occur in the body as a result of stress, improper diet, improper hair care or the use of strong antibiotics. In the case of men, hormones are responsible for baldness, i.e. the well-known testosterone. Under the influence of enzymes, it changes into dihydrotestosterone, which has a destructive effect on the hair follicles. Importantly, the follicles on the back of the head do not react to the aforementioned, which is why the hair transplant can be made using them. As it turns out, women can also lose hair due to the male hormone, and this has its professional name – androgenetic alopecia. In the case of women, estrogen deficiency alopecia is completely different than in men and it is manifested by thinning hair on the top of the head and around the forehead. In this case , the hair transplant consists in thickening them.
How does the hair transplant procedure work?
The hair transplant should start with determining with your doctor how the new hairline will go. The transplant procedure itself lasts from about 1.5 hours to even 3 hours, and its time depends, inter alia, on the technique that will be used, the size of the bald spot, the number and density of implants, and the patient’s age. Before the procedure, the patient is given local anesthesia. Importantly, before hair transplantation occurs, the doctor should refer the patient to basic blood and urine tests. Only after their implementation and based on the results, a hair transplant is possible . The good news for those who will undergo the aforementioned is that they can go home immediately after the transplant.
What are the hair transplant techniques?
There are actually three techniques to choose from. The first one involves implanting microimplants into previously prepared tubules. Their diameter measures 0.6mm – 0.9mm, and the distance between them should be 1mm. This allows for optimal density and enables quick healing. The next hair transplant technique is microneedling, and it is done at the right angle for a natural look. The third technique used during the hair transplant procedure is SmartGraft. Transplantation is performed using an appropriate device that leaves no wounds on the head, and thus there is no risk of scarring. In addition, it significantly reduces the duration of the procedure.
What symptoms can occur after hair transplant surgery?
In the first week after the hair transplant procedure , swelling and bruising may occur on the head, as well as pain. Of course, doctors are aware of this and prescribe appropriate antibiotics and painkillers to relieve pain and speed up the wound healing process. After this time, all discomforts should disappear. However, if this did not happen, it is worth going to a doctor’s consultation . Importantly, about two weeks after the transplant, the transplanted hair follicles will fall out, and only after about three months, hair will start to appear in the area of the bald spot. Therefore, please be patient.
What rules should be followed after the hair transplant?
After hair transplantation, you should be extremely careful and properly care for the scalp. Therefore, remember not to engage in intense physical activity until the wounds on your head are healed, avoid visiting the swimming pool and sauna, and not expose your head to excessive sunlight.
Can anyone undergo a hair transplant?
The answer to that question is no. Contraindications for the procedure are chronic diseases such as active cancer, advanced diabetes and diseases related to the circulatory system. People who are struggling with inflammation of the head cannot be treated. Moreover, patients suffering from the last degree of alopecia and alopecia areata are also not eligible for transplantation. In the case of women, serious hormonal disorders are the red light for the procedure. Therefore, it is extremely important to get into the proverbial hands of a qualified specialist who will make an accurate diagnosis and inform the patient whether hair transplantation can be performed in his case.